The Dalmatian Ringlet
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Proterebia afra, (Fabricius, 1787)
Common Name: The Dalmatian Ringlet
Turkish Name: Uygur GÃ¼zel Esmeri KelebeÄŸi
Distribution in Turkey: Central Anatolia, Eastern and Northern Anatolia.
Distribution in the world: The presence of the typical steppe species is restricted in Europe to a few sites in Croatia and Northern Greece. Besides Proterebia afra occurs from Turkey and the Crimea in the steppe belt east to Kazakhstan.
Living Area: Stony, grassy slopes and open young pine forests with inhabits mountain feather grass and lowland steppes occurs up to 1000 metres.
Flight time: For a year one generation is developing. Years are observed from the middle of April to the end of May according to altitude.
Food Plants of the caterpillar: The caterpillar feeds on the fescue (Festuca valesiaca) or ovine (Festuca ovina), which hibernates the chrysalis.
Description-Notes: Typical area, South of Russia. This butterfly is a Eurasian species with a disjunctive distribution in Europe. Three subspecies occur in the European fauna: Proterebia afra dalmata (Godart, ) in Croatia, Proterebia afra pyramus inGreece (De Louker &Dils, 1987) and Proterebia afra krymaea in Crimea (Nekrutenko,1985). Very local. Medium sized butterfly. Both sexes are chocolate brown with a pale gray-brown forewing apeks. Each wing has postmedia eyespots, ringed with orange or gray-brown, as well as twin forewing subapical eyesopts. Sooty brown hindwing is unique with an arc of postmedian eyesots and conspicuous light veins giving it a laced appearance.
Wingspan: 40-44 mm long.
â€¢ Siberian brownâ€“ Triphysa phryne, (Pallas, 1771)
Origin of name: Afra-(Latin) is an African, a black-skinned inhabitant of Africa, the name reflects the color of a butterfly. (Nekrutenko, 1990).
Endangerment factors : The very local sites are threatened due to maintenance changes of all kinds (abandonment of grazing, overbuilding, rock excavation, solar farms etc.) and should be protected.
1. Baytas A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayinlari, Istanbul.158 pp.
2. Lepidoptera Caucasi:>> http://www.babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/satyridae/153-proterebia-afra---/217--proterebia-afra-.html
3. Butterflies Watching & Photography Society in Turkey : http://www.adamerkelebek.org/IcerikDetay.asp?IcerikKatId=3&TurId=441
4. Moths and Butterflies of Europe: >> http://www.leps.it/indexjs.htm?SpeciesPages/ProteAfra.htm
5. Anonymous Butterflies of Turkey :>> http://www.trakel.org/kelebekler/?fsx=2fsdl17@d&tur=Uygur%20G%C3%BCzelesmeri
6. Lepiforum.de :>> http://www.lepiforum.de/lepiwiki_vgl.pl?Proterebia_Afra
7. Wolfgang Wagner:>> http://www.pyrgus.de/Proterebia_afra_en.html
8. EuroButterflies Â»Matt Rowling : >> http://www.eurobutterflies.com/sp/afra.php
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- [2018-06-20 8:21]
Hi Seyfi,the pic is a bit dark but no problem,this is a great post about this small and very rare butterfly that i never seen before,a very useful post,thanks a lot! Have a nice evening and thanks,Luciano
Ciao Seufi, gteat macro of fantastic butterfly, wonderful natural colors, fine details and splendid sharpness, very well done, my friend, ciao Silvio
Hello Seyfi, a very clear and monumentally well detailed documentation of a rare species of ringlets, coming with excellent notes. By the way: does the butterfly that you are showing have a damaged left forewing - or what may it be that is standing out a little bit between forewing sind antennae? Excellent contribution. Thank you! With best regards, Peter